महत्वपूर्ण व्यक्तित्व / Important Personalities

Raja Rammohan Roy’s entire life journey

Raja Rammohan Roy’s entire life journey

 Raja Rammohan Roy was one of the resplendent constellations of Indian personalities who led the Indian public life from darkness to light, cursed by superstitions and many painful evils.  Such a great man was born on 22 May 1774 in an elite hardcore Brahmin family in Radha Nagar village under Vardhaman district of West Bengal.  During his early education, he received Sanskrit and Bengali education and at the age of 12, he remained in the service of Persian and Arabic for about 14 years.  Meanwhile, he also learned English and also studied Greek, Latin and Hibru languages to study Christian scriptures.

The word Raja used with his name was not a hereditary but a title earned by a multi-faceted talented personality.  Which was provided by the Mughal emperor on his way to England.  He was the first great man to exorcise the world by lighting an awakening lamp in the dreaded black cell of externalities, mutual disharmony, untouchability, slavery, social and religious practices.  That is why he got the honor of being called the father of Indian Renaissance.  As Nandlal Chatterjee has also said.  Raja Rammohan Roy was the midpoint of reaction and progress.  In fact, he was the morning star of the Indian Renaissance.

 Having knowledge of many languages at once, he was able to study all the religious texts, after which he came to the conclusion that monotheism prevails in all religions.  That is why they believed in the fundamental unity of religions.  The rhetoric and superstition prevalent in all religions are cast.  While the essence of all religions is acceptable, on this basis, he openly opposed the idol worship and superstition of Hinduism.  As a result, they had to suffer the wrath of their parents as well as the wife.  In the same way, he also criticized the exclusivity of Islam dividing into the divine being of Jesus Christ and the curse and curse of human beings, but he is the soul of Hinduism Brahma (man is equivalent to God).  Thus, it would not be an exaggeration to say that he was a strong advocate of religious tolerance and many rivers of holy and just holy sentiment were found in his heart.  Regarding religion, Maniyar Williams wrote about him – Raja Rammohan Roy was probably the first true explorer of comparative theology.

 Raja Saheb is particularly remembered as a social reformer.  The efforts that he made to improve the new world by communicating it with sadistic infectious diseases like Sati system, child marriage, caste system, untouchability and communicating it in the perverted Indian society are not only praiseworthy, but also praise.  His untiring efforts resulted in the destruction of inhuman demons such as the Sati system, as Lord William Bantik declared it illegal in I829 AD.  Manu referring to Smriti.  Inspired his Indian widows to lead a life of simplicity by raising a burning pyre.  At the same time, he was a dedicated Karmaveer for the abolition of the caste system, which attacked national unity and integrity.  He also described the spirit of high and low and untouchability as a great enemy of humanity.  He was a complete advocate of inter-caste marriage to get rid of it.  In his own words – caste discrimination, which has divided Hindu society into several caste-sub-castes, has been the main reason for our slavery.  In the absence of unity, we remained in the chains of slavery.

Raja Saheb, full of political thought, was a strong advocate of India’s independence and his political views more closely matched Bentham’s.  His rendering was that British rule is a boon for India.  So that Indians would be more civilized and cultured and would later gain independence.  Despite the fear of British rule, he continued to raise his voice against his entourage and the law was always striving for freedom of speech, political and religious freedom, and for the protection of life, property and rights of citizens.

 He used to emphasize on independent judiciary for proper judicial system and for this he considered the principle of power separation to be urgent.  Unhappy with the Indian judicial system and upset with the corrupt British judicial system, Raja Saheb put forth the following conditions to ensure adequate reforms – Jury practice should be introduced, the posts of judge and magistrate should be set aside, court proceedings should be open to the people, high positions.  More and more Indians should be appointed and the compatibility of Indian traditions is based on Indian public opinion.

 Raja Rammohan Roy was a great patriot whose pious spirit of patriotism was flowing in his veins.  Seeing the dismal condition of the illiterate and the poor, he used to get compassionate and in the heart of the ocean, the waves of determination for his welfare started to shake.  Inspired by this sentiment, in 1830, he launched a movement against the recapture of the land of forgiveness or the land given as a donation. He was an advocate of the total freedom and well being of the Indians with a pure heart, to bring political awakening in them, only to bring about Savad Kaumudi and  Edited Mission ul newspaper and launched a movement to improve administration.

Raja Rammohan Roy was also a great educationist.  He considered western education and English to be necessary for the development of India, but despite this, he had full love for ancient Indian literature and language, which is an edited dialogue of the communist Kaumudi. In 1825, he founded the Hindu College in Calcutta.  .  Such a genius-minded great man died in Bristol on 27 December 1883 when he was engaged in the welfare work of Indians in Che England, although today he is not among us, yet his memory lamp is still burning in our hearts and generations to come.  Will continue to burn in his heart as well.  Because many lights lit by them are still illuminated and illuminate the whole of India.  As McNicol has also written – Raja Rammohan Roy was the innovator of a new era and the light he lit is still burning continuously. In fact an analytical study of his works has to say that his contribution is to water-fed India.  Today, pride has been at the pinnacle of progress.  In conclusion, it would not be an exaggeration to say that Raja Saheb was a successful charioteer who led the chariot of Indian society out of the maze of unjust discrepancies and mis-practices, backwardness, illiteracy, etc.

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About the author

Kumud Singh

M.A., B.Ed.

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